How to care for eye health at different ages
The eyes are the window of our soul. If our eyes are hurt because of our negligence, then our lives will lose a lot of fun.
How can we protect our eyes and give them health?
Today I will talk about how to care for eye health at different ages.
3 Misunderstandings The most damaging eyesight Watery big eyes are a symbol of beauty and health, but now many people have lost the right to see the world because of wrong eye methods.
Myth 1: 1/3 of myopia patients do not wear glasses.
According to surveys, one third of myopia patients currently do not wear glasses.
The reason is that many people are out of consideration for appearance.
Experts remind that after going through myopia, go to a specialist to see if it is false myopia or true myopia.
If it is above, correct it in time to prevent unclear vision and continue to reduce vision, eventually leading to low vision.
Misunderstanding 2: Vision is stable after adulthood and does not need to be checked annually.
The survey showed that only half of the respondents had had their eyesight reviewed in the last year.
What is even more shocking is that one-third of the additional people did not perform medical refraction and dioptric re-examination at the latest optician, but only based on their previous power.
Professor Li Ying pointed out that although adolescents and elderly people’s vision changes rapidly, it does not mean that the adult’s vision is stable.
In fact, the eyesight of adults is only in a relatively stable state, and bad eyesight habits also change their eyesight and have an adverse effect.
Therefore, myopic adults need to have an optometry every year; non-myopic adults have an inspection every two years.
At the same time pay attention to eye health, avoid excessive use of eyes for a long time, be sure to wear qualified glasses suitable for their own.
Misunderstanding 3: 30% of the patients used a pair of glasses bad.
Surveys show that most people don’t know that glasses have a lifespan, 29.
2% of people changed their pair after 3 years of patience, 36.
4% of them changed their glasses before they were replaced.
Professor Li Ying pointed out that it is expected to be considered as a sandy area, and the resin sheet is best replaced within 2-3 years.
Moreover, people don’t pay much attention to the maintenance of lenses. Many lenses have scratches and other conditions, which cause the lens transmittance to decrease, which can easily cause visual fatigue and accelerate myopia.
Therefore, it is best to check the vision and care of the lenses at the original optician’s store every six months. Once the lenses are found to be “expired,” they must be updated immediately.
Children tilt their heads and squint to be alert for a variety of reasons that can impair children’s vision.
Data from the Department of Ophthalmology of the Children’s Hospital of the Capital Institute of Pediatrics show that the proportion of children with myopia is increasing year by year.
A figure from the New York Center for Low Vision also shows that more than 50% of children’s visual impairment is due to congenital diseases, strabismus, and amblyopia.
Experts say that the high myopia rate of children in developing countries is related to factors such as students’ overburdened schoolwork, long-term use of eyes for long distances, and incorrect eye posture.
In addition, surfing the Internet and watching TV are also important factors leading to myopia.
Therefore, children should pay attention to eye hygiene.
Keep your posture straight, don’t lie down or read while walking; try to brighten the light of reading; rest for 45 minutes after reading 45 minutes.
For children with amblyopia, early detection and early treatment are even more important.
First check your eyesight regularly.
Parents can purchase a standard vision chart and check the child’s eyes. If the visual acuity is repeatedly lower than 0 in one eye.
8, it is likely to be amblyopia.
Second, we must pay attention to observation.
In addition to low vision, children with amblyopia will have strabismus, tilt their heads, squint or close their eyes.
About 1/2 of the strabismus will be combined with amblyopia.
The third is to do cover test regularly.For young children, one eye can be covered deliberately so that the child can see with one eye. If the child is crying or tearing the covering, it indicates that the uncovered eye has poor vision and should go to the hospital for examination as soon as possible. The critical period of intervention is before 3 years old.
Adults do not abuse eye drops. The cornea is the “protective umbrella” for both eyes and determines the deformation of the eyes.
If there is a problem with their health, their vision will be affected.
This is especially true for adults. There are 3 corneal killers hidden in life and need attention.
Hitman 1: Light pollution.
When the eyes are staring at the computer, when the TV screen, the beam of light passes through the eyes and the lens, all concentrated on the retina, which will make the eyes in a state of extreme fatigue.
At the same time, because the frequency of blinking is reduced, the tear film evaporation frequency that maintains the wetness of the eyeball surface will be accelerated, the cornea will no longer be moistened, and the eyes will often feel uncomfortable.
Reflective light from mirror buildings, granite, and marble is also very bright, and the retinal cells of the eyes are suddenly stimulated, making the eyes unable to adapt and produce discomfort.
In addition, long-term exposure to strong sunlight can also cause corneal distortion.
Hitman 2: Wear contact lenses permanently.
Wearing contact lenses, especially low-permeability glasses, can easily cause corneal edema, affect corneal metabolism and permeability, and cause blurred vision.
The correct way is to remove the contact lenses every day and wash them thoroughly.
Hitman 3: Incorrect use of eye drops.
In order to solve the discomfort of the eyes, many people will use eye drops, leading to anti-inflammatory and soothing visual fatigue.
But the fact is that the use of eye drops will make the cornea overwhelmed.
The elderly check their eyes every year. The elderly’s eyesight declines. Do not simply think that it is only a natural aging lesion. There are three types of eye diseases that are very harmful to their eyesight.
However, as long as the diagnosis and treatment are early, it can completely help to delay the deterioration of vision, and can avoid the low vision caused by the disease.
Experts say that low vision refers to the correction of normal vision (vision after wearing glasses) at 0.
Cataracts, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, macula, corneal opacity, and trachoma are common causes.
Therefore, when the elderly suddenly has a significant decrease in vision, they should see a doctor immediately.
Professor Sun Zhichen also pointed out that even if recovery is not possible, vision can be improved by wearing a vision aid.
Cataract is the main cause of low vision, and it is also the most common eye disease in the elderly, and the incidence gradually increases with age.
The cause of cataract is not clear at present, and surgery is a better treatment.
The incidence of age-related macular degeneration is closely related to hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and bad living habits, especially smoking and obesity, and the risk factors for smokers are a pair of non-smokers.
Experiments have shown that eating more lutein-containing vegetables can prevent fruits, such as spinach.
People over 40 years of age who have a family history of glaucoma, diabetes, hypertension, and high myopia are at high risk for glaucoma.
Therefore, if these people find eye pain, swelling, acute vision loss, and migraine of unknown cause, accompanied by nausea, rejection and vomiting (i.e., see a rainbow-like halo outside the light), etc., they must be suspicious.Is glaucoma, and promptly go to the hospital for a professional eye examination.
Glaucoma is a “silent” disease. Early symptoms are often not obvious and can only be detected earlier by regular inspection.
The above-mentioned high-risk groups of glaucoma must be checked once a year after the age of 35; and normal people are recommended to do a comprehensive glaucoma check at the age of 35-40, and it is also best to check the glaucoma once a year when there is a condition.